D-8, also known as Developing-8, is an organization for development cooperation
among the following countries: Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia,
Nigeria, Pakistan and Turkey.
The establishment of D-8 was announced officially through the Istanbul
Declaration of Summit of Heads of State/Government on June 15, 1997.
The objectives of D-8 Organization for Economic Cooperation are to improve
member states’ position in the global economy, diversify and create new
opportunities in trade relations, enhance participation in decision-making at
international level, and improve standards of living.
D-8 is a global arrangement rather than a regional one, as the composition of
its members reflects. Organization for Economic Cooperation (D-8) is a forum
with no adverse impact on bilateral and multi-lateral commitments of the member
countries, emanating from their membership to other international or regional
Dr. Seyed Ali Mohammad Mousavi from Iran is currently the Secretary General of
the D-8 Organization with its Secretariat based in Istanbul-Turkey.
Idea Behind D-8 Establishment
The idea of cooperation among major Muslim developing countries was mooted by
Dr. Necmettin Erbakan, the then Prime Minister of Turkey, during a Seminar on
“Cooperation in Development” which was held in Istanbul in October 1996. The
group envisioned cooperation among countries stretching from South East Asia to
Africa. Representatives from Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia,
Nigeria and Pakistan attended the Seminar. This conference was the first step
towards the establishment of D-8 and it was only after a series of preparatory
meetings that D-8 was set up officially and began its activities with the
Istanbul Declaration issued at the end of the summit of Heads of State and
Government held in Istanbul on June 15, 1997